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Title: Abortamento humano : detecção molecular de AAV e de HPV em decídua e vilosidade coriônica
Authors: Pereira, Christiane Curi
Keywords: AAV;HPV;Tecidos de aborto;PCR;Hibridização in situ;AAV;HPV;Abortion tissues;PCR;In situ hybridization
Issue Date: 14-Nov-2007
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
Citation: PEREIRA, Christiane Curi. Abortamento humano : detecção molecular de AAV e de HPV em decídua e vilosidade coriônica. 2007. 145 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Mestrado em Doenças Infecciosas) - Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitória, 2007.
Abstract: Pregnancy failure is a common event often of unknown cause. Some viruses are suggested as cause of abortion and, among them, adeno-associated virus (AAV), that has never been implicated as a cause of disease. AAV (AAV1-11 types), belonging to Parvoviridae family, requires helper virus function for replication, as from human papillomavirus (HPV), that belongs to Papillomaviridae family, also suggested as being an etiologic agent of abortion. Thus, this study aimed to detect nucleic acid of AAV and HPV in decidua and chorionic villi (CV) from human abortion occurred up to 22nd gestational week. A total of 118 fragments (66 decidua and 52 CV) were obtained from tissues from 81 abortion cases (68 non-intentional and 13 intentional ones). Viral DNA was extracted by DNAzolTM, TRIzolTM and/or QIAampTM DNA mini Kit methodologies and b-globina gene was amplified by PCR as a control reaction. AAV2/5 and HPV genome were amplified (nested-PCR and PCR, respectively) using primer pairs Pan1/Pan3 and Nest1/Nest2 and MY09/11, respectively. HPV positive cases were submitted to PCR-typing for the most common types (6, 11, 16, 18, 33). In situ hybridization (ISH) was developed in paraffin embedded tissues from AAV positive cases, using digoxigenin labeled probe. Frequency of AAV and HPV were observed in 28% (23/81) and 10% (8/81) of the cases, respectively. Only type AAV2 was detected. AAV2 was present in 18 and in 7 decidua and CV fragments, respectively, while HPV, in 4 and 5 fragments, respectively. AAV2 occurred in 32% (22/68) and in 8% (1/13) of non-intentional and intentional abortions, respectively, and HPV, in 10% (7/68) and 8% (1/13), respectively. Only one HPV were typed, corresponding to HPV11. ISH showed AAV DNA in 3 cases: in decidua, CV or chorionic plate and extravillous trophoblast. Co-infection rate between AAV and HPV was 26%, and with CMV (previously studied), 9%. Significant evidence of AAV infection in abortion tissues was observed in the present study, however, in lower frequency than those found in literature. Only AAV2 type revealed in the cases, instead of AAV5, suggests that it is the most frequent in population and/or shows tissue tropism. Infected cells with AAV2, observed by ISH in decidua and in extravillous trophoblast, suggest that cellular invasiveness of infected cells could be compromised and that gestational loss may occur. Frequency of HPV in CVs is in accordance to literature. HPV was found in similar frequency in the two abortion groups. AAV presence found in cases without co-infection with helper virus, could represent latency, autonomous replication or co-infection with other helper virus. These results do not allow inference to a causal association between AAV and abortion, albeit mostly detected in non-intentional abortion.
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