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Title: Avaliação do estabelecimento de mudas de eucalipto sob déficit hídrico
Authors: Toledo, João Vitor
Keywords: Estresse hídrico;Medidas biométricas;Eficiência do uso da água;Water stress;Biometric measurements;Water use efficiency
Issue Date: 24-Jan-2012
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
Citation: TOLEDO, João Vitor. Avaliação do estabelecimento de mudas de eucalipto sob déficit hídrico. 2012. 54 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Fitotecnica; Recursos Florestais) - Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Alegre, 2012.
Abstract: Eucalyptus is a fast growing tree species most used in Brazil, and its cultivation is of the most more advanced, productive and competitive in the world. Stress induces changes and responses in all functional levels the plant organism. The water deficit therefore causes changes in behavior and plant development, and depending on the genotype, it may be more or less tolerant to adverse weather conditions. The objective of this work was evaluate the influence of different regimes water through the water availability in the soil on the growth and development during 60 days of phase establishment of three eucalyptus clones, the hybrid Eucalyptus grandis x Eucalyptus urophylla. This study was conducted in a greenhouse attached to the experimental area of the Centro de Ciências Agrárias of Universidade Federal of Espírito Santo, located in municipality of Alegre-ES. The experiment was arranged with a 3x3 factorial arrangement in experimental randomized blocks design. The treatments consisted of interaction of three levels of available soil water (50%, 30% and 10%), with the clones factor (Clone 1, Clone 2 and Clone 3) with four replications. The seedlings were grown in vessels with a volume of 30 dm³. The control of the levels of depletion was performed by monitoring the mass of each vessel with the aid of a scale, being the humidity high up to capacity field until it obtains the moisture related to the treatment. It was evaluated values of height, diameter, leaf number, area leaf dry weight, dry leaves, root dry matter, dry stem and branches, root volume, depth and efficiency of the total consumed use of water. Data were analyzed by variance, and when significant, means were compared by Tukey test at level 5% probability. The evaluations performed indicate that the water availability levels below 50% of water available affect the growth of all clones. The average reduction of total dry matter of the three clones studied is 21% and 40% at levels of 30% and 10% respectively, for the production of biomass from plants subjected to 50% of available water. The Clone 2 presents averages statistically superior to the other in dry parameters, number of leaves and efficiency of water use, proving therefore more subject to water restriction. Therefore, the Clone 2 is more suitable for deployment in both regions more and less water availability
Appears in Collections:PPGPV - Dissertações de mestrado

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