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Title: Identificação e localização dos limites da região trafegável para a navegação de um veículo autônomo
Authors: Azevedo, Vitor Barbirato
Keywords: Visão artificial;Robótica;Navegação de robôs móveis;Aprendizado do computador
Issue Date: 10-Dec-2012
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
Citation: AZEVEDO, Vitor Barbirato. Identificação e localização dos limites da região trafegável para a navegação de um veículo autônomo. 2012. 94 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciência da Computação) - Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitória, 2012.
Abstract: This work presents a computer vision system for real-time mapping of the traversable region ahead of an autonomous vehicle that relies mostly on a stereo camera. For each new image pair captured by the stereo camera, the system first determines the camera position with re-spect to the ground plane using stereo vision algorithms and probabilistic methods, and then projects the camera raw image to the world coordinate system using inverse perspective map-ping. After that, the system classifies the pixels of the inverse perspective map as traversable or not traversable, generating an instantaneous occupancy map. Next, the instantaneous occu-pancy map is integrated to a probabilistic occupancy map, using the Bayes filter to estimate the occupancy probability of each map location. Finally, the probabilistic occupancy map is used to localize the lateral limits of the traversable region. The performance of the system for mapping the traversable region was evaluated in compari-son to manually classified images. The experimental results show that the system is able to correctly map up to 92.22 % of the traversable locations between 20 and 35 m ahead of an autonomous vehicle with a False Acceptance Rate not superior to 3.57 % when mapping par-allelepiped pavements
Appears in Collections:PPGI - Dissertações de mestrado

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