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Title: Síntese e caracterização da difenil-4-amina sulfonato de cério (III) e sua aplicação como precursor do CeO2
Authors: Dalto, Fernanda
Keywords: Difenilamina;Metais de terras-raras;Cério;Óxido de Cério;Sulfonatos metálicos;Diphenylamine;Rare earth metals;Cerium
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2011
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
Citation: DALTO, Fernanda. Síntese e caracterização da difenil-4-amina sulfonato de cério (III) e sua aplicação como precursor do CeO2. 2011. 87 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Mestrado em Química) - Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitória, 2011.
Abstract: The cerium oxide is a very useful material in a series of processes among which we highlight the automotive catalysts, where it acts as a regulator of oxygen. We studied the synthesis of complex diphenyl-4-amine sulfonate cerium (III) pentahydrate, Ce (C12H10NSO3) 3.5H2O, and its application as a precursor to the oxide CeO2. The complex was synthesized in aqueous solution under argon atmosphere and protected from light. The solid obtained was characterized by elemental analysis of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen and also by complexometry EDTA, for determining of Ce3+ in the precursor. From an infrared analysis it was possible to verify the presence of functional groups which are characteristic of the compound, and also the TGA in an atmosphere of oxygen and nitrogen allowed to observe the thermal behavior of the complex. These techniques combined, led to the determination of the molecular compound such as Ce (C12H10NSO3)3.5H2O. Considering this compound as a reaction product synthesis proposal we achieve an efficiency of 75% of a product sensitive to air. The TG in oxygen atmosphere at 1000 º C showed the formation of a thermally stable product, identified as cerium oxide (IV), CeO2. Therefore, this complex was subjected to heat treatment under various conditions. The oxides obtained at 800 ° C were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and evaluated on heating under an atmosphere of CO and new heating under an atmosphere of compressed air. The results show that CeO2 is best done under an atmosphere of oxygen. The CeO2-O2 and CeO2-air sample studied presented crystallite sizes of 6 and 7 nm, respectively. Although the sample CeO2-air is not pure, the samples were stable when exposed to reducing atmospheres of CO and oxidizing air compressed under heating
Appears in Collections:PPGQUI - Dissertações de mestrado

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